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Charlotte Banks, Osman Turan, Atilla Incecik, Iraklis Lazakis and Ruihua Lu


Department of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Marine Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0LZ, UK.


International and national concern about detrimental climate change has generated pressure for the shipping industry to play its‟ role in reducing the 3.3% of global carbon emission it emits. On the 1st January, 2013, the IMO (International Maritime Organisation) enforced regulations to support the reduction of shipping carbon emissions by improving energy efficiency. These measures directly and indirectly affect the daily operations of seafarers and onshore performance and managerial personnel. Whilst the industry has made efforts to raise the awareness of many stakeholders and research has been undertaken to investigate energy efficiency barriers, little has been done to capture the opinions, needs and knowledge of seafarers. A questionnaire was distributed in the last quarter of 2011 to investigate seafarers‟ awareness, knowledge and motivation towards carbon emissions in general and towards shipping carbon emissions. It also investigated opinions as to which personnel have the most influence over carbon reductions and what are the most important operational improvements that can be made. The authors have collected 317 questionnaire responses. The primary benefit of this study is to support the identification of an operational strategy to improve energy efficiency, including the development of LC-EE (low carbon-energy efficiency) MET (maritime education and training), which is shown to be needed.


Low carbon, energy efficiency, maritime education and training, awareness, knowledge, motivation, seafarers.

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