This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
Independent Scholar, Germantown, Maryland U.S.A.
This article expresses how free-market capitalism produces peace in Don Quixote while its absence induces violence.
Specifically, it shows readers that when characters inherit in Don Quixote peace transpires but when the Moriscos’s private property is extorted gore is inflicted. That a modern salary causes peace in Don Quixote while a feudal Mercedes causes conflict. That when contracts are honored Don Quixote’s characters are calm but when contracts are breached its’ characters are violent. That figures in Don Quixote who work for a living are tranquil while those who do not work fight. That peaceful capitalism in Don Quixote is better than, and separate from, violent pirate-corsair-barbarism. That Capitalism’s profit motive does not cause slavery in Don Quixote whereas feudal suppression of human freedom does. That peaceful economic justice is enacted by civil judge Sancho Panza whereas bloody economic injustice is inflicted by either vigilantism, in the case of Don Quixote, or monarchical brutality, in the case of the Holy Brotherhood. That when financial disputes are decided by law courts peace ensues but when they are not violence happens. And lastly, the article finishes, by enumerating how future research on capitalism in Don Quixote can be conducted, specifically of an Austrian economic nature.
capitalism in Don Quixote, free markets in Don Quixote
Bernstein, A. (2007). Capitalism: The system of the mind. Recorded by the Ayn Rand Institute. CD. Irvine, California.
Bernstein, A. (2004). Global capitalism: The cure for world oppression and poverty. Recorded by the Ayn Rand Institute. DVD. Irvine, California.
Bernstein, A. (1996). Heroism in modern American literature. Recorded by SR Conferences.
Cervantes, M. de. (2000). The ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote De La Mancha. (J. Rutherford, Trans.). New York: Penguin Books.
Childers, W. (2006). Transnational Cervantes. Buffalo: U Toronto P.
Childers, W. (2005). Legal discourse in Don Quixote. Mester, 1(34).
Cizakca, M. (2011). Islamic capitalism and finance: Origins, evolution, and the future. Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Dominguez, O. A., & Bernard, V. (1978). Historia de los Moriscos: Vida y tragedia de una minoria. Madrid: Revista de Occidente.
Elliott, J. H. (1988). Imperial Spain: 1469-1716. New York: Penguin Books.
Egginton, W. (1953). The man who invented fiction: How Cervantes ushered in The Modern World. New York: Bloomsbury.
Forester, C. S. (1953). The Barbary Pirates. New York: Random House.
Fulcher, J. (2004). Capitalism: A very short introduction. New York: Oxford UP.
Gurgen, E. (2015). Don Quixote explained: The story of an unconventional hero. 2nd ed. Illinois: Authorhouse.
Gurgen, E. (2014). Don Quixote explained reference guide: Character Encyclopedia, Relationship Dictionary, Theme Reader, Episode Primer, Geographic Atlas, Joke Digest, Latin Translator, and more. Illinois: Authorhouse.
Garcia, A. M. (1975). Los Moriscos. Madrid: Editoria Nacional.
Graf, E. C. (2014). Juan de Mariana and the Modern American Politics of Money: Salamanca, Cervantes, Jefferson, and the Austrian School. The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, 17.4, 442-473.
Graf, E. C. (2015). The economy of asses in Don Quijote de la Mancha: Metalepsis, miscegenation, and commerce in Cervantes’s Picaresque. ehumanista/Cervantes, 4, 225-288.
Graf, E. C. (2016). Gresham’s Law, Inflation, Price Controls, Subjective Value Theory, and Usury in Miguel de Cervantes’s Don Quixote de la Mancha. In Carmen Garcia de la Rasilla and Jorge Abril Sanchez (Eds.), A Novel without boundaries: Sensing Don Quixote 400 years later (pp. 165-197). Newark, Delaware: Juan de la Cuesta.
Graf, E. C. (2017). Five free-market themes in Don Quijote. Foundation for Economic Education. 22, Oct. 2017. https://fee.org/articles/don-quijote-man-of-free-markets/
Hazlitt, H. (1979). Economics in one lesson: The shortest and surest way to understand basic economics. New York: Random House.
Hutchinson, M. (2012). Early economic thought in Spain: 1177-1740. New York: Routledge Revivals.
Johnson, C. B. (2000). Cervantes and the Material World. Chicago: U Illinois P.
Lambert, F. (2005). The Barbary Wars: American independence in the Atlantic World. New York Hill and Wang Publishing.
Leiner, F. C. (1971). The end of Barbary Terror: America’s 1815 war against the pirates of North Africa. Oxford: Oxford UP.
Lukacs, G. (1971). The theory of the novel: A historico-philosophical essay on the forms of Great Epic Literature. (A. Bostock, Trans.). Cambridge: MIT Press.
Parks, L. A. (1996). Studies on themes and motifs in literature: Capitalism in Early American Literature. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.
Parr, J. A. (2003). Review of Carroll B. Johnson’s Cervantes and the Material World. Hispanofila, 138, 153-155.
Quint, D. (2003). Cervantes’s Novel of Modern Times: A new reading of Don Quixote. Princeton UP.
Rand, A. (1967). Capitalism the unknown ideal. New York: Signet.
Rawlings, H. (2006). The Spanish inquisition. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing.
Ridpath, J., Binswanger, H., Chaplin J., & Clark. J. (2007). Capitalism vs. democratic socialism. Ayn Rand Institute, Irvine..
Schwartz, P. (2007). Back to the dark ages? Today’s attacks on reason and individualism. Irvine, Second Renaissance Books.
Smith, A. (1994). The wealth of nations. New York: Random House.
University of Toronto (Producer). (1984). Debate 1984: Capitalism or Socialism—What is the Moral System? [DVD]. Available https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aGo2G1Sjb6M
Wood, B. (2012). The battle of reason in the Islamic World and how it was lost. MP3 download. 3 hrs. and 57 mins. 170 MB.