Optimization Design of Open Space Based on Microclimate and Behavior in China -David Publishing Company
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Article
Author(s)

Zhiming Guo1, Tsuyoshi Setoguchi1, Norihiro Watanabe1 and Ke Huo2

Affiliation(s)

1. Faculty of Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628, Japan;
2. JangHo Architecture College, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110-169, China

ABSTRACT

Traditionally, microclimate, behavior and space design are characterized by a separation among climatologists, behavior researchers and designers. It is also unrealizable to apply the research results to the space design because of the gap created by the interdisciplinarity. In addition, although the relationships among space form, urban microclimate and people are intuitively understood, there are still not reasonable predictions on how a space affects the microclimate, and how the microclimate and space will affect people’s sensation and behavior. By recording the microclimate and people’s responses, this paper discusses the relationship between people’s sensation and microclimate as well as people’s behavior and open space in a busy downtown pedestrian street during hot summer. The research finds that shade plays a crucial role in outdoor comfort. All of the other objectively comfortable and acceptable microclimates differ significantly different shade situation. Simultaneously, space contradiction can be considered an essential factor for spatial utilization. This paper also provides proposal on canyon open space design based on this case study.

KEYWORDS

Activities, outdoor comfort, urban design, street canyon, northern city.

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