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Scatolin Henrique Guilherme, Cintra Elisa Maria de Ulhoa, Zaidan Eduardo


Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil


In this book review, the authors of this article intend to explore Klein’s views regarding obsessive neurosis and her theory about the early formation of the superego. It is possible, in 1932, to notice Klein’s affiliation with Abraham’s theory about the development of the libido. By emphasizing the sadism presented in early object relations, Klein also demonstrates the importance of the introjection of objects to whom the baby’s aggressiveness was projected. Therefore, the early infancy is characterized by a state of intense anxiety, which may lead to the employment of obsessive mechanisms by the ego, with the objective of modifying those anxiety states. In this article, the authors explore the links between the primitive superego and obsessive neurosis, exhibiting a standpoint of obsessive neurosis as a defense from early anxieties, which can be associated with psychosis. It is possible to conclude that the introjection of good objects is decisive to the overcoming of psychotic anxieties and defense mechanisms that inhibit the ego.


obsessive neurosis, primitive superego, psychosis

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