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E. Marcus Barnes, Jan Six, Raymond C. Hawkins II


Institute of Neuroscience and Consciousness Studies, Austin, USA Fielding Graduate University & University of Texas at Austin, Austin, USA


Previous research studies on the relationship between Jungian typology and handwriting analysis have been informal, inconclusive, or methodologically flawed. In the present double-blind cohort study, four expert handwriting analysts, who were knowledgeable about Jungian theory and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), independently determined the four letter MBTI types of  participants based upon blind interpretation of their handwriting samples. The results were that the handwriting analysts’ accuracy of assigning four-letter MBTI types (or correctly identifying the cohort’s preferences on each of the four dichotomies) was no better than chance, and the analysts’ ratings did not agree with one another. We discuss the limitations of our study, and the potential next research steps.


Jungian typology, personality traits, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), handwriting analysis, double-blind design

Cite this paper

E. Marcus Barnes, Jan Six, & Raymond C. Hawkins II. (2016). PsychoGrapho: A Double-Blind Cohort Study of Jungian Typology and Handwriting Analysis. Psychology Research, 6(1), 50-56.


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