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Philippe Chassy


Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, UK


There is ample evidence that experts’ performance is mostly due to domain specific knowledge. Some complex memory structures, termed templates, have been theorised to underpin strategic thinking in expert chess players. A behavioural study and computer simulations have been used to test this hypothesis. The behavioural study is the first to show that experts identify strategic systems with more accuracy than novices do. A new artificial neural network model is introduced to implement visuospatial templates. The simulations indicate that templates adequately model identification of strategies in novice and expert players. Both results support the view that templates underpin strategic thinking. The findings constitute a demonstration of the dependence of strategic thinking on memory processes and open the door for a new theoretical approach to understand high-level cognition.


memory, expertise, artificial neural network, template, strategy

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