Paper Status Tracking


Hamzeh Dodeen


United Arab Emirates University, UAE


Test-taking strategies are cognitive abilities to deal with any testing situation well independently of the knowledge of the test content. Examples are managing time effectively, surveying all questions before responding, dealing with difficult questions, dealing with multiple-choice questions, and underlying keywords questions. This paper has two goals. First, reviewing and discussing the direct and indirect importance of teaching test-taking strategies on students’ performance: Directly, these strategies help students increase their scores on tests through the effective use of their time, effort, and test conditions. Indirectly, using appropriate test-taking strategies affects other factors such as reducing test anxiety and improving attitudes toward tests; second, suggesting teaching techniques to help teachers, educators, and test developers systematically teach test-taking strategies: More than 50 techniques for teaching the main test-taking strategies have been introduced in question formatting. These techniques could be taught with any content or materials and at any school level.


testing skills, test-taking strategies, testing strategies, testing techniques, teaching testing skills

Cite this paper

Hamzeh Dodeen. (2015). Teaching Test-Taking Strategies: Importance and Techniques. Psychology Research, 5(2), 108-113.


Austin, J. S., Partridge, E., Bitner, J., & Wadlington, E. (1995). Prevent school failure: Treat test anxiety. Preventing School Failure, 40(1), 10-13.

Birenbaum, M., & Feldman, R. A. (1998). Relationships between learning patterns and attitudes towards two assessment formats. Educational Research, 40(1), 90-97.

Carraway, C. (1987). Determining the relationship of nursing test scores and test-anxiety levels before and after a test-taking strategy seminar. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 318 498).

Chang, M. K. (1986). Test anxiety and academic achievement. Paper presented at the Second Regional Conference on University Teaching, Las Cruces, NM.

Culler, R. E., & Holahan, C. J. (1980). Test anxiety and academic performance: The effect of study-related behavior. Journal of Educational Psychology, 72, 16-20.

Dodeen, H., & Abdelmabood, H. (2005). The effect of teaching test-taking strategieson university students’ performance, test anxiety, and attitudes toward tests. In P. Davidson, Ch. Coombe, & W. Jones (Eds.), Assessment in the Arab world (pp. 193-203). Dubai, UAE: TESOL Arabia.

Dolly, J., & Williams, K. (1986). Using test-taking strategies to maximize multiple-choice test scores. Educational & Psychological Measurement, 46, 619-625.

Ebel, R. (1965). Measuring education achievement. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Eggleston, M. H. (1988). Freshmen attitudes and the college placement test. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 324 584).

Gallagher, A. (1992). Sex differences in problem-solving strategies used by high-scoring examinees on SAT-M. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 352 420).

Hambleton, R. K., Swaminathan, H., & Rogers, H. J. (1991). Fundamentals of itemresponse theory. Newburg Park: Sag Publications.

Hembree, R. (1988). Correlates, effects, and treatment of test anxiety. Review of Educational Research, 58, 47-77.

Langerquist, S. (1982). Nursing examination review: Test-taking strategies. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, MenloPark, C.A..

McLellan, J., & Craig, C. (1989). Facing the reality of achievement test. Education Canada, 36-40.

Perney, J., & Ravid, R. (1990). The relationship between attitudes toward statistics, math self-concept, test anxiety, and graduate students achievement in an introductory statistics course. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston, M.A..

Rocklin, T., & Thompson, J. M. (1985). Interactive effects of test anxiety, test difficulty, and feedback. Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 368-372.

Sarnacki, R. E. (1979). An examination of test-wise in the cognitive test domain. Review of Educational Research, 49, 252-279.

Spielberger, C. D. (1980). Test anxiety inventory: Preliminary professional manual. Palo Alto, C.A.: Consulting Psychologist Press.

Strnad, K. (2003). Coping with college series: Handling test anxiety. Retrieved from

Sweetnam, K. R. (2003). Test-taking strategies and student achievement. Retrieved from class/fourth/ks/stratigies.htm

Vattanapath, R., & Jaiprayoon, K. (1999). An assessment of the effectiveness of teaching test-taking strategies for multiple-choice English reading comprehension tests. Occasional Papers, 8, 57-71.

About | Terms & Conditions | Issue | Privacy | Contact us
Coryright © 2015 David Publishing Company All rights reserved, 3 Germay Dr., Unit 4 #4651, Wilmington DE 19804
Tel: 1-323-984-7526, 323-410-1082; Fax: 1-323-984-7374, 323-908-0457 ,, Email: